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Faulty air bags can spray shrapnel; carmakers issue recalls In a crash, the air bags could shoot shrapnel around the cabins of vehicles made by Honda, Nissan, Toyota, Mazda and GM from 2000 to 2004
The problem went undetected by the world's biggest automakers and safety regulators on two continents until at least 2011, according to documents filed with the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Now those cars are being recalled.

"This clearly should have been caught earlier," said Clarence Ditlow, executive director of the Center for Auto Safety. "This is a very serious defect, and it could kill you. The good news is that it doesn't seem to happen very often."

During all this time there appeared to be only six reported incidents on the road — four in the U.S. and two in Japan — and another six at Japanese salvage yards dismantling cars. There were no reported injuries.

The defect stems from faulty manufacturing in 2001 and 2002 by Takata Corp., a Japanese company that made the explosive wafers that power the lightning-quick inflation of air bags.

Honda, Nissan, Toyota, Mazda, and General Motors were all included in the recall, which affects cars produced from 2000 to 2004. BMW is also expected to issue a recall.

The problem results from faulty fabrication of the wafers at Takata factories in Moses Lake, Wash., and Monclova, Mexico. The problem can cause a metal canister in the air-bag system to explode, splattering metal shards into the passenger cabin. A similar defect in parts produced by Takata cropped up previously in driver's side air bags and has killed several people.

Takata is the second-largest manufacturer of safety systems for cars globally, according to IHS Automotive. This is the biggest recall involving the company since 1995, when several automakers called back a record 9 million vehicles to replace faulty seat belts supplied by the company, said Paul Newton, an analyst with IHS Automotive.

Takata could not be reached for comment.

This latest recall comes amid a rash of recalls that some analysts say may be numbing consumers to serious safety issues.

"I am concerned that, within the flood of recalls, consumers won't pay attention to the important ones," said Michelle Krebs, an analyst with auto information company Edmunds.com. "This is an important issue. Consumers should get the repair made."

The number of recalls issued by automakers in the U.S. has increased steadily over several decades, according to Edmunds.com. Back in the 1990s, the number of recalls ranged from 217 to about 444 a year. That increased to 514 to 781 in the next decade. In the last three years, it has ranged from 652 to 723.

The volume of cars recalled, however, is down from many prior years. Automakers recalled about 17.9 million vehicles last year, down sharply from 1999 to 2001, when annual volume ranged from 41 million to 58 million.

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